вторник, 29 декабря 2015 г.

How To Create A Home Server With Ubuntu, Amahi & Your Old Computer

How To Create A Home Server With Ubuntu, Amahi & Your Old Computer
How To Create A Home Server With Ubuntu, Amahi & Your Old Computer

create a home server
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Limitations and USB transfer speeds aside, the laptop is not being used for anything at all at the moment and so some use is better than no use at all. Ubuntu is also a good choice for this laptop, as if I ever need to “do” anything with it then there’s a usable Linux distro installed, ready to go. If you’re eyeing up your old PC as a potential Amahi home server, then make sure you’ve got the following specifications covered:


  • 512MB or more of RAM
  • A 1GHz 32-bit or 64-bit processor
  • 4GB disk space (though you’ll want more for storage purposes)

Note: Amahi requires a clean Ubuntu install, and will not necessarily work with an existing Ubuntu install. It comes highly recommended that you format and reinstall the OS even if you have an existing Ubuntu machine you would like to use.


As I’m a Mac user, I downloaded an Ubuntu .ISO on my main OS X machine, then used UNetbootin to “burn” the image to a spare, 2GB USB stick. The program notified me that the disk would not be bootable on a Mac, which is something to bare in mind if you’re using an old Mac as a server (though not too old, Amahi doesn’t support PowerPC architecture). If you need to make a USB drive that will boot on a Mac, check out the Ubuntu documentation.


create a home server using ubuntu

Once you’ve got your copy of Ubuntu ready you’re good to go, turn on your soon-to-be server and ensure that USB boot is enabled in your BIOS (see here for newer UEFI Windows 8 machine instructions). Among the many changes coming with Windows 8 and new computers designed for it is a change in the way we access our computers’ BIOS. No longer do we press a certain key during the...


Installing Ubuntu & Amahi


The first thing you see when you boot the USB stick is the UNetbootin bootloader, which gives you the choice of trying-out or installing Ubuntu as well as checking your disk for errors and a few other options. Choose Install Ubuntu and wait for the installation procedure to load. First choose your language and when prompted don’t worry about connecting to the Internet for updates as Amahi works best using the default install.


create a home server using ubuntu

When asked how you’d like to install Ubuntu (either alongside an existing operating system, replacing the existing operating system or custom) choose either replace or custom. As your server will be left to its own devices for most of the time, dual-booting is pointless. I chose to use the whole available 320GB for my server, and for simplicity’s sake created just the one partition. Ubuntu will by default format this partition to EXT4, a Linux-native file system. Don’t worry about this, Amahi loves EXT4.


Add your timezone, keyboard layout and configure the default user account with a computer name, username and password you’re going to recognise and remember. Hit Continue and watch Ubuntu install, remembering to take the USB stick out when it’s finished and booting into the OS for the first time. Next it’s time to install Amahi, which we will be doing using the terminal.


create a home server using ubuntu

Note: Amahi cannot be uninstalled, which means in order to get back to a clean Ubuntu you will need to format and install the OS again. As previously mentioned, a fresh install of Ubuntu before installing Amahi is required.


At some point you will be prompted for your “install code”. To get an install code go to Amahi.org and register an account. You will be asked for your network gateway IP (your router’s address, commonly 192.168.0.1) and the fixed internal IP address of your HDA (that’s the server you’re installing Amahi on). You should setup a fixed address within your router, the process will differ depending on the manufacturer but a simple search should help you out. Amahi recommends you turn off DHCP (automatic IP assignment) on your router, but it’s not always necessary and in my case I left it on with no problems.


create ubuntu home server

Next you will be asked to set up your local DNS domain, which is a domain that you can use internally within your network to access the server. Choose something short, unique and not the same as any site you wish to access. I chose “server.hda” but feel free to make up your own.


create ubuntu home server

Finally click on the Create your HDA profile button, and make a note of your install code.


Before installing Amahi you will need to connect Ubuntu to your network, either using an Ethernet cable or good old Wi-Fi. Resist the urge to download your favourite browsers, codecs and other add-ons or updating Ubuntu just yet. Once connected, click the Ubuntu logo or hit your Windows key and type “terminal” followed by enter to launch the command line interface then type the following:


wget http://u12.amahi.org/install-amahi

create ubuntu home server
This will download the Amahi setup files, then start the install by typing:

sh install-amahi

At this point you will need to enter your install code, which you created earlier, followed by your server’s admin password.



Now you can sit back and watch Amahi install, which can take a while. There’s lots to install including the server software, MySQL, storage pooling, Samba and HTTP servers and more. Now might be a good time to adjust my power preferences so my new server didn’t switch itself off when left unattended or (if you’re using a laptop) when you close the lid.



Once your installation has finished, you will need to reboot as per the instructions in the Terminal window (that’s the button in the upper right corner, in case you haven’t used Ubuntu before).



Make sure you’re connecting using your default network device, “eth0” which is likely to be your Ethernet port. Disable all wireless settings and double check your network settings to ensure the static IP, MAC address and so on match up. I spent a long time troubleshooting my server only to find out it was down to the fact that wireless was still enabled and causing issues.



Upon restarting you will notice two new icons on your desktop. Double click Amahi Dashboard to launch the web-based setup within Firefox. Login using the username and password you created when you installed Ubuntu, no other password or user combination will work. From here on out you’re free to manage Amahi, set up users, shares and install apps.


create a home server

Your server should be visible on the network already, if not consult the following resources for further help:


Also be sure to check out these articles about adding apps, shares and other actions with Amahi:


Have you got a home server? Did you use Amahi? Any favourite apps? Add your thoughts in the comments, below.


Original article and pictures take http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/how-to-create-a-home-server-with-ubuntu-amahi/ site


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